8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024
Artificial Intelligence
Vishnu Narayan January 23, 2024

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing industries today, leading to better decisions, cost savings, and increased productivity.

On top of all, now, AI can independently handle repetitive tasks, allowing people to focus on more important work. Moreover, it swiftly analyzes large data sets, providing numerous valuable insights.

However, let’s be clear – AI isn’t magic.

When you examine extensive data sets, you’ll find that specific tools and computer languages are the backbone of AI. Also, Python is a top AI programming language choice for AI development due to its rich library ecosystem and quick learning curve. Other languages like Java, C++, and Haskell also play vital roles in building AI systems.

In this article, we’ll delve into the details of the top AI programming languages, helping you choose the right one for your next AI project.

Table of contents:
  1. Python
  2. Java
  3. JavaScript
  4. Prolog
  5. Lisp
  6. Julia
  7. Haskell
  8. C++

1. Python

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 1. Python

Python is a top choice for AI development due to its ease of learning and usage. Moreover, it comes equipped with useful tools like NumPy and Scikit-learn, saving time as you don’t have to start everything from scratch.

Python’s strength lies in its versatility. It’s not just for AI; you can also use it to build things like neural networks and machine learning algorithms using frameworks like TensorFlow and PyTorch. Therefore, it’s equally adept at analyzing data to uncover patterns and trends.

What’s noteworthy is that Python is open-source, and a large community of users supports it. Therefore, whether you’re a beginner or need assistance, you’ll find help on platforms like GitHub and Stack Overflow.

2. Java

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 2. Java

Java is a flexible programming language used to create apps for mobile, desktop, web, and cloud. Also, it works on any computer with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Java’s object-oriented style helps write efficient and organized code, making it easy to manage.

In addition, it comes with built-in tools like JUnit and Apache Commons, saving time in development and allowing the creation of high-performance apps. Java is commonly used in simulations, robotics, and embedded AI. Also, extensions like RTSJ let developers create real-time systems, like bots. Java also supports multithreading, crucial for tasks in AI that need to run at the same time.

In conclusion, Java is scalable, suitable for both small programs and large applications that can adapt to what users need. Also, there’s a big community of Java users, providing tutorials and help for learning.

3. JavaScript

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 3. JavaScript

JavaScript is often used to make interactive apps in web browsers. Also, it works directly on users’ browsers and is good for doing different tasks, making AI applications perform better.

It’s handy for real-time AI apps like virtual assistants and chatbots. In addition, developers use JavaScript to add AI features to web apps through APIs. As a result, when tasks are done on the user’s browser, it makes apps more responsive, especially during live interactions.

New frameworks like TensorFlow.js, Brain.js, and ConvNetJS let developers easily add machine learning to web projects. Also, they allow training and using machine learning models right in the browser, opening up new possibilities for AI in web apps.

4. Prolog


Prolog is known for its strength in logic programming and symbolic reasoning, making it handy for AI development, especially in knowledge representation and problem-solving.

Its declarative nature allows developers to state the logic of computations without dealing with the control flow details. Rules, relationships, and facts can be represented straightforwardly, making it a good choice for building knowledge bases in AI systems.

Prolog’s powerful pattern-matching abilities enable quick scanning of knowledge bases to find matching patterns based on logical relationships. Also, this capability is valuable in areas like natural language processing (NLP), helping computer systems find answers to different queries. The pattern-matching feature also makes Prolog a suitable language for creating various algorithmic solutions.

5. Lisp

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 5. Lisp

Lisp is a powerful programming language that’s great for AI development because it can handle both code and data in a unique way. Also, it works with simple things like numbers and strings, as well as more complex data structures like lists and arrays. As a result, this flexibility is super helpful for dealing with complicated calculations and data in AI.

What’s interesting about Lisp is that it supports recursive programming, allowing developers to create smart AI algorithms that can handle lots of data. Also, it takes care of memory management tasks through automatic garbage collection, making it easier for programmers to focus on the important stuff.

Lisp is dynamically typed, meaning it can figure out variable types as it goes. Moreover, this flexibility is crucial for working with the ever-changing and diverse data in AI applications.

Lastly, Lisp was one of the pioneers in functional programming, which means it has a simple syntax that allows for expressive and flexible coding. So, this makes it a great choice for experimenting with AI and other research projects.

6. Julia

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 6. Julia

Julia is well-liked in the AI community because it’s fast and easy to use. It’s great for quickly trying out ideas and dealing with large AI datasets. Also, with a user-friendly syntax similar to Python, it’s easy for developers to learn.

What makes Julia stand out for AI development is its ability to work with other languages like R, C, and Python. So, this means you can use powerful libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch in your Julia applications.

Julia also comes with built-in support for doing multiple things at once (parallelism) and spreading tasks across different computers (distributed computing). Therefore, this is really helpful for handling big AI jobs without slowing down.

Because Julia is open-source, developers can use community-supported libraries, saving time. It also has useful tools like Plots.jl and Gadfly.jl for showing data, MLJ.jl for building machine learning models, and Scikitlearn.jl, which connects with the popular Python library scikit-learn

7. Haskell

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 7. Haskell

Haskell uses a functional programming style, focusing on ideas like pattern matching, high-order functions, and immutability. These principles are great for working with intricate data structures in AI development.

It’s based on solid math concepts, making it good for crafting complex algorithms and even deep learning models. One unique thing is its ‘lazy evaluation,’ meaning it only does the math when needed, which can save computer power.

Moreover, Haskell’s strong type system ensures that you can’t mix up incompatible values, adding a layer of reliability to AI applications created with this language.

8. C++

8 Best AI Programming Languages For AI Development in 2024 | 8. C++

C++ is crucial for building complex software because it can manage abstract concepts effectively. It’s becoming popular in AI development because it’s versatile, high-performing, and can handle communication between software and hardware really well.

Even though machine learning libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch are mainly made for Python, C++ can still use them through bindings or APIs. This means developers can add advanced features to their applications without starting from scratch. C++ is also great for parallel computing and handling multiple tasks at once, which is vital for high-performance AI.

One cool thing about C++ is that developers have more say in how memory is used. They can allocate more memory to important tasks, reducing slowdowns and other issues. Also, frameworks like OpenCL and CUDA help speed things up by using hardware like GPUs for machine learning applications.

Which programming languages to avoid for AI development in 2024?

Some programming languages are not the best choice for AI development. Here are a few to avoid:

  • PHP: Primarily used for web development, PHP lacks specialized AI and machine learning libraries, making it less suitable for AI projects.
  • Ruby: While Ruby is known for its elegant syntax and readability, it falls short in terms of a robust AI and machine learning ecosystem. Its interpreted nature also makes it slower compared to languages like Java and C++.
  • C: Although powerful and versatile, C is not the ideal choice for AI development due to the absence of high-level AI-specific libraries and frameworks. Also, its manual memory management can lead to memory leaks, making applications less reliable.

Also Read: Which Are The Top 6 In-Demand AI Programming Languages In the US?

Which language for AI programming is best for you?

Choosing the right AI programming language depends on factors like task requirements, community support, ease of learning, library availability, performance, scalability, integration capabilities, flexibility, adherence to industry standards, and support for emerging technologies. Each language, from Python to Scala, has unique features best suited for specific tasks in AI projects.

Did You Know The fusion of AI and IoT (AIoT) has the power to transform devices into intelligent entities!

1. Assess Project Needs:

Evaluate whether your AI project is web-based, involves deep learning, or focuses on robotics, as different languages suit different projects.

2. Skill Level and Learning Curve:

Consider your proficiency level, as programming languages have varying learning curves. Python is beginner-friendly, while C++ may require more time and effort to master.

3. Available Libraries and Frameworks:

Choose a language with a rich ecosystem of tools and libraries. Python is popular for AI due to its extensive libraries in data science and machine learning.

4. Performance and Stability:

Consider memory management, execution speeds, and multithreading capabilities. C++ excels in high-performance tasks, while Java offers scalability through microservices.

5. Community and Support:

A strong community aids troubleshooting and learning. JavaScript, Python, and Java have active communities, which is beneficial for beginners.

6. Future-Proofing:

Examine the language’s future relevance, regular updates, and growing popularity to anticipate changes that might impact your AI project.

7. Integration and Compatibility:

Choose a language that integrates well with other tools and platforms. C++ accommodates libraries from different languages, and JavaScript facilitates combining APIs on diverse frameworks.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which programming language is in demand in 2024 for AI development?

Python and JavaScript are in high demand in 2024, especially in the startup industry, with popular frameworks like Django, Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript). They are also recommended for beginners.

What is the best programming language for AI?

There is no doubt that Python is the language of choice for most AI developers.

Is there any emerging language that will be popular in 2024 for AI development?

Yes, emerging languages like Julia and Kotlin are gaining popularity for AI in 2024.

What makes Python the preferred choice for AI development over other languages?

Python is preferred for AI development due to Python’s readability, rich libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch, and a large community that indeed contributes to its popularity, enabling rapid prototyping and efficient development of AI applications.

Do certain programming languages excel in specific industries when it comes to AI development?

Yes, because of its versatility, Python is used extensively in many different industries. But in data analysis, languages like R are common, and in scientific computing, Julia is becoming more and more popular.

Also Read: Which Are the Top 8 In-Demand Programming Languages in the UK? Software Development

ThinkPalm’s AI Development Services

ThinkPalm’s AI development services revolutionize business operations by enhancing decision-making and automating workflows. Trusted by top companies and startups, our skilled AI development team helps to deliver bespoke solutions such as AI applications, and software development using Artificial intelligence and advanced machine learning algorithms.

As a result, from implementing cutting-edge Natural Language Processing (NLP) for improved productivity to creating AI chatbots that automate support and personalize interactions, ThinkPalm leverages the power of AI to solve diverse business challenges. 

Our expertise extends to predictive analytics, human pose and activity recognition, and object detection, catering to industries like manufacturing, the public sector, healthcare, and banking. With a commitment to precision and efficiency, ThinkPalm stands as a leading AI development company, transforming businesses across various sectors. 

Contact us today to embark on your AI development journey and unlock the potential of innovative solutions for your business needs.

Leverage AI Development Services Tailored to Meet Your Unique Business Requirements

Author Bio

Vishnu Narayan is a dedicated content writer and a skilled copywriter working at ThinkPalm Technologies. More than a passionate writer, he is a tech enthusiast and an avid reader who seamlessly blends creativity with technical expertise. A wanderer at heart, he tries to roam the world with a heart that longs to watch more sunsets than Netflix!